Efficiency and growth in agriculture a comparative study of the Soviet Union, United States, Canada, and Finland

Cover of: Efficiency and growth in agriculture |

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Agriculture and Trade Analysis Division, (P.O. Box 1608, Rockville 20849-1608) ERS-NASS [distributor in Washington, DC, Rockville, MD .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Agricultural productivity -- Soviet Union.,
  • Agriculture and state -- Soviet Union.,
  • Agricultural innovations -- Soviet Union.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementRobert B. Koopman.
SeriesStaff report -- no. AGES 89-54., ERS staff report -- no. AGES 8954.
ContributionsUnited States. Dept. of Agriculture. Economic Research Service. Agriculture and Trade Analysis Division.
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Paginationiv, 41 p.
Number of Pages41
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14681353M

Download Efficiency and growth in agriculture

Agricultural Productivity: Measurement and Sources of Growth addresses measurement issues and techniques in agricultural productivity analysis, applying those techniques to recently published data sets for American agriculture.

The data sets are used to estimate and explain state level productivity and efficiency differences, and to test different approaches to productivity measurement. Efficiency and growth in agriculture: a comparative study of the Soviet Union, United States, Canada, and Finland. [Robert B Koopman; United States.

Department of Agriculture. Chapters deal with the effects of different climatic conditions on agriculture, radiation use efficiency under various climatic conditions, the efficiency of water and its impact on harvest production under restricted soil moisture conditions, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency in different environmental conditions under the influence of climate change, and various aspects of improving phosphorus use efficiency.

,2 which puts agricultural productivity growth at the centre of the Efficiency and growth in agriculture book of Africa to achieve agriculture-led growth and fulfil its targets on food and nutrition security.

In the Declaration, it is stated that in order to end hunger in Africa byat least a doubling of agricultural productivity is needed from current Size: 1MB. Agriculture Books Showing of 3, The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (Hardcover) by.

Michael Pollan (Goodreads Author) (shelved times as agriculture) avg rating —ratings — published Want to Read saving Want to Read.

The book contains six chapters, each focusing on a particular topic. The first chapter, “General conditions for cultivation of crops”, talks about the basic needs of farmers and farming sector, by providing basic knowledge on Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), enhancing the awareness of farmers on critical factors.

factor in accelerating economic growth. Applied in agriculture, it represents getting the maximum amount of production per hectare or per animal, with minimal expenditure of manpower and materials [12]. Often, economic efficiency in agriculture is associated with social efficiency of.

This book is devoted to the study of Productivity growth then becomes the difference between output growth and input growth, and the aggregation requirement applies here as well. efficiency, and differences in the operating environment in which production occurs.

The US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics () and the. The art of farming is based on the sciences dealing with the growth of plants and animals. This book presents in a simple way these fundamental scientific truths and suggests some practices drawn from them.

Author(s): Charles William Burkett, Frank Lincoln Stevens and Daniel Harvey Hill. This study investigated the impact of agricultural credit and farm size on the technical efficiency of rice productivity in Sindh, Pakistan.

A cross-sectional random sampling technique was applied. Book Detail: Principles of Agricultural Economics with MCQ Language: English Pages: Author: TNAU Price: Free Agriculture at a Glance Book Outlines of Principles of Agricultural Economics Economics – Definition and Nature & Scope of Economics – Divisions of Economics Economic systems – Definitions and characteristics – capital economy – socialist economy Mixed economy Theory of.

Investment in agriculture in low- and middle-income countries, by source, –7 (annual average) Tables Increase in agricultural production required to match projected food demand, – 46 Annual average crop yields, – 47 Real growth of public spending on agricultural.

successful agricultural development through growth in land, labor and total factor productivity. The fourth volume explores the post-harvest distributional impacts of agricultural development, exploring how agricultural development affects poverty, food insecurity and the intra-household distribution of well-being.

Providing a thorough, yet student-friendly approach to the subject, this book continues to fill the important role of helping readers to understand how the basics of growth must be thoroughly understood if farm animals are to be used efficiently and humanely in producing food for mankind.

agricultural development will remain the backbone for the achievement of many of the proposed Sustainable Development Goals from poverty alleviation to food security. This book is a timely contribution as it cuts across the water and fertilizer sectors and summarizes the state-of-the-art knowledge on plant nutrition and water management.

The main theme of Mundlak’s Agriculture and Economic Growth is the importance of studying agriculture in the context of the whole economy rather than in isolation. Topic: Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE Question Differentiate between agricultural efficiency and agricultural productivity and discuss the methods used in the determination of agricultural efficiency in India.

( words/ CSM ) Next Topic Economic Geography – AGRICULTURE. A growing consensus is forming around the prediction that the global human population will reach nearly 10 billion people by (FAO, a). Providing adequate and nutritious food for such a large population highlights the importance of the world's agriculture system.

Indeed, the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) projects that food production will have to. stochastic and nonparametric techniques for generating technical efficiency measurements, an alternative to the factor productivity measures used in the original study.

In addition, while the prior report was driven by the search for policy proposals to promote economic growth, this essay will focus on the inverse relationship itself. according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). And this food will need to be customized to the needs of a growing urban population, a factor that encompasses the entire agriculture value chain.

Although agricultural investments and innovations are boosting productivity, yield growth has slowed to rates that are too low for comfort. Corn, soybean growth stages progress, USDA says. News. 8/10/ pm. Brazil's BRF registers 1, COVID cases at a single meat plant, state data shows.

Markets. With the end of the fiscal year in sight, the United States is running an agricultural trade deficit of $3 billion, unusual for a sector that ordinarily runs a surplus. Article. Amitav Bhattacharya, in Changing Climate and Resource Use Efficiency in Plants, Mulching.

Rainfed agriculture covers 80% of the world’s cultivated land, and contributes about 60% to the total crop production (UNESCO, ).Low productivity in many arid and semiarid rainfed agricultural systems is often due to degraded soil fertility and limited water and nutrients input.

Irrigation Slide 3 Un-sustainability of Irrigation • Globally, 71% of withdrawn freshwater is used for irrigation • Rivers dammed to collect irrigation water – People living in areas behind the dams are displaced – Wildlife habitat destroyed • Irrigation depletes rivers and aquifers • Irrigation degrades water, soil, and wildlife habitat.

observed last year that, ―World agriculture has been able to meet the rapidly growing global demands for food, feed and fiber over the last half to sizeable agricultural productivity growth and will continue to depend on technologies ement of.

AFED at Green Growth Pathways for Saudi Arabia. Riyadh, 30/03/ Green Growth Pathways for Saudi Arabia was the topic of a workshop, hosted at the iconic headquarters Read More. AFED at the Expert Group on Green Technology Investments and Access to Sustainable Financing.

Beirut, 05/03/ Mr. Najib Saab, AFED secretary general. A green-growth strategy for the food and agriculture sector, encompassing primary agriculture, fisheries, and both the upstream and downstream food supply chain, highlights priorities for attention by policy makers.

Food is a necessity of life and food security is a basic interest in all countries. Population growth demands improved farm efficiency. Ron Smith 1 | By the yearglobal population will reach 9 billion, a figure that poses significant challenges to the agricultural producers who will be charged with providing adequate food and fiber to nourish and clothe that many people.

To meet production goals, farmers. Industrial agriculture focuses on the economic dimension while organic agriculture encompasses economic, social and environmental dimensions of agriculture. This holistic approach of organic agriculture has since led to its global recognition and indeed, the relatively new green growth/economy initiative embrace the system.

Efficiency requires reducing the number of unnecessary resources used to produce a given output including personal time and energy. It is a measurable concept that. One of the underlying themes throughout Easterly’s book is the idea that people respond to incentives.

In fact, most of Easterly’s analysis of various economic models throughout the book is an analysis of the incentives created by those models (Easterly, ). This paper examines the relationship between growth and privatization from.

efficiency of the sector (Thirtle et a l (); Thirtle et al (); Kirsten et al () and Conradie et al ()). Even United States Department of Agriculture () stated that agricultural productivity statistics are important to identify the source of economic growth, justify the appropriation of agricultural.

Considering the limited nature of available agricultural area, the efficiency of animal production needs to be improved. This can be achieved by (i) increasing biological efficiency, ii) technological efficiency and iii) economic efficiency. The science of animal nutrition deals with the first two factors by using advanced knowledge.

Second, growth in consumption has forced us to use resources more efficiently. Efficiency is the ratio between the output we want and the inputs required to produce it. Common measures of efficiency are, for example, miles per gallon, years of expected lifespan per dollar of. The Department of Agriculture (USDA) runs several programs that largely focus on biofuels, such as ethanol and wood energy.

Other USDA programs include assistance to rural communities with high energy costs, biomass crop assistance, grants and loans to promote energy efficiency.

Challenges such as population growth, increased demand for water resources, combating pests and pathogens, changes in climate and weather patterns, and additional demand for agriculture products, such as biofuels, will continue to create demand for research in agricultural efficiency.

Agriculture Agriculture contributes percent to country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and provides percent employment to national labour force but it remains backward sector of the economy while high performing agriculture is a key to economic growth and poverty alleviation.

Over the last. Quick Growth. Rates the speed of establishment and growth. Lasting Residue. Rates the effectiveness of the cover crop in providing a long-lasting mulch.

Duration. Rates how well the stand can provide long-season growth. Harvest Value. FOREIGN AID, ECONOMIC GROWTH AND EFFICIENCY DEVELOPMENT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 Executive summary The question whether or not foreign aid enhances economic growth and efficiency in resource use has long been debated, but still no consensus is found among research-ers and policy makers.

In spite of numerous studies, there is little evidence of a. Important Source of Global Agricultural Growth. 14 As the Amount of Land and Labor Shrinks in the Agricultural Sector, Growth Has Been Entirely Due to Improved Total Factor Producitivity in Both.

The National Voice for an Energy Efficient Economy and Energy Efficiency. Using energy more efficiently represents the lowest cost and most abundant energy resource in Canada. Recognizing this through policy-making can drive economic growth, stable jobs, healthier homes and lead the fight against global climate change.

Why are specialization, efficiency, and technological progress important to agricultural and economic development? Expert Answer Answer-1)The law of diminishing marginal returns states that the processes of in all production, an extra more of one fac view the full answer.The fundamental idea of this article is to study the efficiency of the Togolese agriculture and its relationship with economic growth on the basis of economies of scale.

We tackled efficiency, in its input and output orientations, using parametric and non-parametric methods in which an annual product analysis is carried out. In this context, agriculture is modelled by the usual Translog and.This book explains how policy changes affect farmers' production incentives and efficiency of resource allocation within and outside agriculture in modern China, paying particular attention to the eff.

33364 views Sunday, November 15, 2020